1.2 billion people in the world are currently without access to electricity. That’s 19% of the world’s population. The lack of universal access to clean, decentralized energy devastates a country’s chances for economic development, frames people’s life choices, oppresses women, and imprisons millions in severe poverty.
Even in communities that have recently acquired low-cost, high-value energy, the resultant emissions have been the primary driver of climate change. Centrally planned energy sources with high carbon intensity have increased usage of fuels with low efficiency. We need to explore innovative approaches that address the needs of people who currently do not have access to electricity while also transitioning to a decarbonized energy system.
Life without assured access to clean decentralized energy for electricity means cooking with traditional fuels like wood and dung, which produce smoke and fumes that result in over 4 million deaths per year, mainly among women and children. Children without domestic lighting struggle to do their homework in the evening. No electricity means no… see the entire article.